We pride ourselves in our extensive Montessori curriculum. We customize individualized lessons to meet the needs of each child as every child is different and learns at a different pace. Our vast curriculum and stimulating environment promotes developmentally appropriate opportunities for learning and growth. Order, coordination, independence and concentration form the cornerstone goals of our program. Children thrive in an environment that provides the modeling behavior of older children, space for movement, and hands-on learning materials. Children choose their work from among self-correcting materials displayed on open shelves, and they work in 5 well-defined, specific areas; practical life, sensorial, language, mathematics and cultural studies. Over a period of time, the children develop into a “normalized community,” reaching a high level of concentration with few interruptions. Maria Montessori referred to “normalization” as the process through which the child progresses, from being undisciplined to self-disciplined; from disordered to ordered; from distracted to focused. This is achieved by working in a specifically prepared environment, and with repeated use of materials that captivate the child’s attention. At PFM, we strictly follow the guidelines set by Dr. Maria Montessori, as stated by Association Montessori International/USA. Please grab a copy of our detailed curriculum from our preschool location.

We offer these subject areas:

1.                  Practical Life 7. Cultural Studies

*History & Social studies

2.                  Sensorial 8.  Science

*Zoology & Botany

*Biology, Chemistry & Physics

3.                  Language 9.  Music
4.                  Mathematics
5.                  Geography


Practical Life exercises instill care for self, for others, and for the environment. Activities include many of the tasks children see as part of the daily routine in their home, such as preparing food and washing dishes, along with exercises of grace and courtesy. Through these tasks, children develop muscular coordination, enabling movement and exploration of their surroundings. They learn to work at a task from beginning to end following various action sequences and develop their powers of control and concentration. They also develop functional independence to become self-sufficient.

Practical Life exercises covers 5 main areas:

  1. Care of self, such as learning to tie shoelaces.
  2. Care of the environment such as watering plants.
  3. Food Preparation such as celery slicing
  4. Development of social relations such; grace and courtesy
  5. Coordination of physical movement.
Control of movements. Provoke high level of concentration.
Recognize and respond to orderliness. Independent care for self.
Correct use of manipulative materials. Independent care for environment.
Large and small muscle growth. Rhythmical movement with music
Improve eye-hand coordination. Improve mind and body coordination.

Orange Juicing

Arranging Flower

Dish Washing

Table Washing

Every Montessori lesson has a purpose, a child arranges flowers to beautify his environment to develop a sense of beauty. He is developing his eye-hand coordination as well as the correct use of manipulative materials. There is also the development of his mathematical mind through the constant measurement and estimation of the volume of water transferred to and fro vessels being used in the lesson. The use of logical thinking on the measurement of the length of each flower stem before it is trimmed and put into a vase introduce the child to the concept of measurement in mathematics. The child is also building concentration and order as well as the understanding of the chronological sequence of events through the numerous steps involved in the activity. There are so many direct and indirect purposes built into every Montessori lesson or purposeful work shown to a child.


Another example is the table washing lesson. A lot of parents have wondered why their child is been shown how to wash a table. It might seem like a fruitless exercise but the truth of the matter is that there are a lot of purposes embedded in this lesson. The child is being prepared for reading and writing by the scrubbing motion going from left to right as well as the sponging motion going from left to right because we read and write from left to right. Also by utilizing the clockwise circular motion of the brush while scrubbing, we are developing the fluidity of the wrist in readiness for writing circular letters like “o”, “e”, “g”, “a”, “q”, “c”, “b” and so on. The child’s pincer grasp is being developed as he holds the brush in readiness for holding a writing tool such as a pencil. There is also the development of the mathematical mind and critical thinking skills through the constant measurement and estimation of the volume of water transferred to and fro vessels being used in the lesson. The child is building concentration, order, persistence, motivation and the understanding of chronological sequence of events by the numerous steps involved in the purposeful work. In this lesson, language is also built in by the expansion of the child’s vocabulary through the introduction of new words like, “soap surds”, “bristles” and others. There are also other indirect purposes built into this lesson.

Other purposeful activities in practical life like flour milling, cutting bananas, orange juicing, cutting celery, apple slicing, dish washing, cloth washing and many others all have inbuilt specific direct and indirect purposes to help the child in his learning, functional independence, coordination of movement and development of a high level of concentration in preparation for the proper foundational skills required for language and mathematics.


Grace and courtesy lessons are very important at this stage in a child’s development, as they are learning to function in a social environment.

Respecting rights and property of others Social grace and manners
Resolving conflict appropriately Expressing feelings verbally
Communicating freely with peers Relating well with peers and adults
Initiating interaction with peers


These years nurture the growth of children’s independence, self-esteem, and self-discipline while introducing children to the basics of academics.

Accepting new situations Exhibiting self-control Cooperation
Welcoming changes Handling stressful situations Inner maturation
Independence & self-direction Positive attitude encouraged
Developing positive self-image, self-confidence



A child’s work habit improves and develops in various significant aspects with further exposure and utilization of the practical life purposeful activities or work.

Initiating own work Respecting materials Expressing joy in discovery
Welcoming new challenges Observing carefully Exhibiting good concentration
proving memory retention Increasing attention span Persisting at a task
Developing decision making skills Choosing challenging work Completing work cycle
Learning to work without disturbing others


Apple Cutting: Choosing challenging work!

Beading: Joy in discovery!

Cutting Celery: Persisting in Task!   

Buttoning: Initiating own work!

Sewing: Building good concentration skills!

Banana Cutting: Increasing attention span!


Sensorial materials serve as tools for development and for refinement of a child’s senses. Children build cognitive skills and learn to order and classify impressions by touching, seeing, smelling, tasting, listening, and exploring the physical properties of their environment with relation to length, width, temperature, mass, color, pitch, smell, weight, pressure etc.

Sensorial exercises cover 6 main areas:

Visual discrimination

Tactile discrimination

Olfactory discrimination

Auditory discrimination

Gustatory discrimination

Geometry and Algebra


Some of the lessons are; the constructive triangles, the geometry cabinet which includes the complete classification and nomenclature of triangles like obtuse triangle, acute triangle, isosceles triangle and so on.  The geometry cabinet also includes the classified nomenclatures of geometry like quadrilaterals and polygons. Others are the geometric solids for Identification and nomenclature of geometric shapes. Knobless cylinders, textile box, pressure bottles, weight bottles, thermic tablets and so much more.

Child classifying color tablets to refine visual discrimination and child working on Geometric Solids to identify geometric shapes and geometric nomenclature.


Children learn about maps, the calendar and clocks, and right and left.

Geography of the body: left and right Globe World map – continents
Recognizes land and water forms Oceans North America
United States Foreign maps Flags: US and foreign
Direction Days of the week Months of the year
Awareness of self and others Calendar Clock
Weather patterns Types of Clouds Map Making
Traditional instruments of the seven continents Solar System
North American Animals and tracks Labelling Maps Who Am I

Child working on United States Map and Child working on Continent Map respectively.


Language development is vital to human development. The Montessori environment is rich in oral language opportunities, allowing the child to experience conversations, stories, and poetry. The sandpaper letters help children link sound and symbol effortlessly, encouraging the development of written expression and reading skills. To further reading development, children are exposed to the study of grammar and word study.


Language exercises cover 8 main areas:

Enrichment of vocabulary


Mechanics of writing


Reading Classification

Function of Words

Reading Analysis

Word Study

Nomenclature Spelling with Moveable Alphabets Definition Stages
Conversations Metal Insets Work Pronouns, Comma
Sharing an object Phonetic alphabets and sounds Attributes, Appositives
Stories, books, songs Phonograms Prefixes, Suffixes
Sound games Puzzle Words Synonyms, Antonyms
Sandpaper letters Reading: words, sentences, beginning reader books Opposites
Poetry Children’s Literature Vowel expression of thought
Matching rhyming Initial and final consonants Sequencing

Writing: pencil grip, control of pencil, forms letters correctly, writes first and last name, write phonetic words, writes sentences and stories.

Editing and Publishing, Letter writing, Journaling


Grammar: noun, article, verb, adverb, logical adverb, adjective, logical adjective, detective adjective, preposition, conjunction, interjection.

Child working on Grammar: Conjunction at 5years old and Child working on moveable alphabet phonetic words at 4 years olds respectively.

Child symbolizing grammar sentences at 5years old: Verbs and Adverbs


The Montessori Math Curriculum is the most advanced program available today for young children. Mathematics activities help children learn and understand the concepts of math by manipulating concrete materials. This work gives children a solid understanding of basic mathematical principles, prepares them for later abstract reasoning, and helps to develop problem-solving capabilities. Children learn that number symbols have a quantitative meaning.


Math exercises cover 5 main areas:

Numbers 1-10

Decimal System

Teens and Tens


Passage to Abstraction

Understands quantity Skip Counting
Recognizes numerals 0-9 Decimal System -understanding place value
Associates symbol to quantity 0-9 Addition, subtraction, Multiplication, Division
Counts objects to 9 Stamp Game
Making groups of objects 0-9 Fractions equivalence
Odd and Even Money
Teen work Exchanging
Simple addition Measuring
Simple subtraction Time
Double digit addition Practice Charts
Double digit subtraction Finger Charts
Linear counting to 100, 1000

Decimal System Addition Work: Children learn to carry out all four mathematical operations in small groups with the golden beads material.

(Addition, subtraction, multiplication & division)

Finger Chart

Stamp Game Subtraction: Child learns to carry out 4 math operations independently.

Bead Cabinet: For Linear Counting; learning to count 1 to 1000 and For Skip counting; learning to count e.g 1, 5, 10, 15 and multiples of numbers 1 to 10.

Even and Odd Work; Before



An important element in the development of the child’s personality is the actual contact he has with reality and his ability to involve himself in it. The freedom enjoyed by the child in the prepared environment allows him to experiment, observe, manipulate, receive, explore, perceive, discover, and classify. When Maria Montessori talks about Natural Sciences, she does not refer to the knowledge of natural phenomena, but rather to an inner relationship with Nature.

Children learn about the parts, nomenclature and care and nurturing of animals and plants

Study of: living & nonliving Plants, botany
Animal Classification Plants Classification
Zoology nomenclature Botany nomenclature
Nutrition, food groups Experiment
Magnets Seashells
Rocks and minerals Earth science
Weather, atmosphere Three forms of water
Animals, zoology Human Skeletons
Health Dogs Nomenclature
States of matter
Periodic table
Herbivores, carnivores and omnivores
Parts of animals: parts of paraket, parts of snail, parts of grasshopper, parts of horse and many more
Parts of plant: parts of leaves, parts of fruit and others,Classification of vertebrates (5 classes) and invertebrates, Life Cycles Curriculum; frog, mealworm, ladybug, bee, butterfly, chicken and bean plant.

Parts of the pumpkin.

History, Biology, Botany, Zoology, Art and Music are presented as extensions of the sensorial and language activities. Children learn about people and cultures in other countries with an attitude of respect and admiration. Through familiarity, children come to feel connected to the global human family. Lessons and experiences with nature inspire a reverence for all life. The comprehensive art and music programs give children every opportunity to enjoy a variety of creative activities, as well as gain knowledge of the great masters.


Music exercises cover 4 main areas:

The bells

Musical instrument nomenclature

Complete orchestra instruments

Instruments of the world

Music Study.

Bells; notation                          Bells; composition                     Bells; reading

The Bells


The art exercises cover 2 main areas:

Basic Art Techniques

Art Study


Drawing                                Gogh

Painting                                Winslow Homer

Collage                                 Vincent Van

Printing                                 Paul Gauguin

Clay molding                        Study of more renowned Artists.





Seasons timeline

Months of the year

All American Presidents

Seven Wonders of the world

Community Helpers